Emoloyment Opportunities Following are some related occupations:
ψ Addictions Counselor
ψ Career Development Professional
ψ Child and Youth Care Worker
ψ Creative Arts Therapist
ψ Marriage and Family Counselor
ψ Mental Health Worker
ψ Psychiatric Social Worker
ψ Social Worker
ψ Special Needs Teacher
ψ Social Scientist
Psychotherapists/ Counseling Psychologists also scientifically assess, diagnose and treat Psychological, Emotional and Behaviour Disorders. They also research and apply theories relating to behaviour and mental processes. Professionals engaged in these subfields are often known as :
ψ Industrial Psychologist
ψ Organisational Psychologist
ψ Rehabilitation Practitioner
ψ Research Psychologist
ψ Research Scientist
ψ Music and Art Therapist
Indicative duties of few Professionals are discussed:
Psychologists/Psychotherapists are concerned with the study and management of human behaviour. Since the field is much wider, they usually specialize in a particular area.
Provide individual, group or family counseling services and spend the majority of their time in direct contact with clients. Here they diagnose and treat emotional or adjustment problems in children, adults, families or groups.
They may use a variety of assessment methods to provideConsulting Services to Schools, Colleges, Social Serviceagencies, and Businesses. Counseling Psychologists/Psychotherapists may be employed in Clinics, CommunityAgencies, Business Houses, Schools, Rehabilitation Centres, Hospitals, or in Private Practice.
Clinical Psychologists: They may use a variety of assessment methods to assess problems and to design, implement and evaluate treatment program. They also diagnose and treat emotional or adjustment problems in children, adults, families or groups. They also assess and treat the psychological factor associated with physical health problems. Clinical psychologists may specialize further in :
ψ Adult or child clinical psychology
ψ Health Psychology
ψ Forensic Psychology
ψ Clinical Neuropsychology
Clinical Psychologists spend much of their time in direct contact with Clients and usually are employed in Hospitals, Clinics, Mental Health Facilities, Prisons or Private Practice.
They assess and treat children who have educational, vocational and emotional problems or provide consulting services for Schools on issues related to class room management, Career guidance, Behaviour therapies, Curriculam development etc. . School Psychologists/Counselors may be employed by School Authorities or work in Private Practice.
Industrial or Organisational Psychologists:
They develop solutions for problems in business and industry. For example, they may work in areas such as:
ψ Personnel selection and placement
ψ Training and Development
ψ Organisational Development and Change
ψ Performance measurement and evaluation
ψ Quality of Work life.
ψ Consumer Psychology
ψ Human Factors Psychology
Although some large corporations employ Industrial or Organisational Psychologists, most Professionals work as Consultants.
Research or Experimental Psychologists:
They conduct research in specific areas such as human development, psychopathology, social psychology, neuroscience, perception, motivation, emotion, learning, language or personality. Their research may involve observing and interviewing people to gain insight into behaviour or working in laboratory settings where they focus on the relationships among factors and on human or animal behaviour. Research psychologists are usually employed by Colleges and Universities, Government Departments, MNCs or Private Research Agencies.
Personal characteristics of Psychologists/Psychotherapists:
Psychologists or Psychotherapists or Counselors who work directly with People need the following characteristics:
ψ a genuine interest in helping others
ψ emotional maturity and stability
ψ excellent communication skills
ψ a willingness to keep learning new approaches
They should enjoy helping people, synthesizing information and developing innovative solutions to problems and taking a methodical approach to reviewing literature and administering psychological tests.